Because of its detail-oriented nature, zero-based budgeting may be a rolling process done over several years, with a few functional areas reviewed at a time by managers or group leaders. It is, however, a time-consuming process that takes much longer than traditional, cost-based budgeting.
Under the federal law gambling can be conducted on "Indian land.
As this definition points out, it is not necessary for land to be actually part of a reservation for gambling to be conducted on it. In theory, an Indian tribe could buy land anywhere in a state and operate a casino on it, by having it declared Indian trust land by an Act of Congress, a court decision or settlement or through an application through the U.
Department of the Interior. Who regulates Indian Gaming?
Indian tribes are the primary regulators of Class II gaming. Regulation of Class III gaming may be addressed in Tribal-State compacts and varies by state with tribes remaining the primary regulator in most states. What types of gambling on Indian land does federal law regulate?
Federal law regulates two distinct types of gambling on Indian land.
Under the IGRA, there are 2 major kinds of gambling, each with its own regulatory mechanism. IGRA also recognizes a third form of Indian gaming, class I meaning traditional tribal ceremonial gamesbut exempts it from both federal and state jurisdiction.
IGRA defines Class II gaming as bingo; when played in the same location as bingo — pull tabs, lotto, punch boards, tip jars, instant bingo, other games similar to bingo; and non-house banked card games authorized or not explicitly prohibited by the state in which the tribal operation is located.
Class III gambling is conducted under a compact that each tribe negotiates with the government of the state in which it is located. The compacts can apply those state laws to class III gambling that each party believes necessary for regulation.
Class III gaming authorized by the Oklahoma State-Tribal gaming compacts, consists of electronic amusement games, electronic bonanza style bingo games, electronic instant bingo and non-house banked card games.Zero-based budgeting is a method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified for each new period.
Zero-based budgeting starts from a "zero base" and every function within an organization is analyzed for its needs and costs.
Feb 09, · An applicant's budget request is reviewed for compliance with the governing cost principles and other requirements and policies applicable to the type of recipient and the type of award. NAVY PPBE PROCESS Department of the Navy Human Resources Conference April 28th, Captain Drew Flavell - Office of the Chief of the Navy Reserve.
Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. usawc military studies program paper a comparison of planning, programming, and budgeting system and zero based budgeting an individual study project.
Clearly, if you are seeking to improve a system's performance, an operational view is really what you are timberdesignmag.com a view gets at how a forecasting system really works; for example, by what correlation its past output behaviors have generated.