The first atomic bomb ever to be used in a military operation was dropped on the city of Hiroshima, Japan On August 6, at 8: The bomb, affectionately named "Little Boy," exploded 1, feet above the courtyard of Shima Hospital, with a force equivalent to 12, tons of TNT. By the end of,00 people had died as a direct result of the bombing. Within the following five years, another 60, would die of bomb-related causes.
December 8, - U.
Japanese land near Singapore and enter Thailand. December 9, - China declares war on Japan. December 10, - Japanese invade the Philippines and also seize Guam.
December 11, - Japanese invade Burma. December 15, - First Japanese merchant ship sunk by a U. December 16, - Japanese invade British Borneo. December 18, - Japanese invade Hong Kong. December 22, - Japanese invade Luzon in the Philippines.
December 25, - British surrender at Hong Kong. December 26, - Manila declared an open city. December 27, - Japanese bomb Manila. January 2, - Manila and U. Naval base at Cavite captured by the Japanese. January 7, - Japanese attack Bataan in the Philippines. January 16, - Japanese begin an advance into Burma.
January 18, - German-Japanese-Italian military agreement signed in Berlin. January 19, - Japanese take North Borneo.
January 27, - First Japanese warship sunk by a U. The siege of Singapore then begins. February 1, - First U. February 15, - British surrender at Singapore. February 20, - First U. February 22, - President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General MacArthur out of the Philippines.
February 23, - First Japanese attack on the U. February 26, - First U. March 8, - The Dutch on Java surrender to Japanese. March 11, - Gen. MacArthur leaves Corregidor and is flown to Australia. Jonathan Wainwright becomes the new U.
March 18, - Gen. March 18, - War Relocation Authority established in the U. Despite the internment, over 17, Japanese-Americans sign up and fight for the U. April 3, - Japanese attack U.
April 6, - First U. April 9, - U.
April 10, - Bataan Death March begins as 76, Allied POWs including 12, Americans are forced to walk 60 miles under a blazing sun without food or water toward a new POW camp, resulting in over 5, American deaths. April 18, - Surprise U.
April 29, - Japanese take central Burma.Hiroshima History including the establishment of Hiroshima and history of Hiroshima Atomic bombing. The TIME Magazine Archive presents editor's picks of the best covers and articles. It was the defining moment of the 20th Century – the scientific, technological, military, and political gamble of the first atomic attack.
This drama-documentary attempts to do what no other. Hiroshima: the first city destroyed by a nuclear weapon. On August 6, , the Japanese city of Hiroshima was destroyed by a nuclear weapon, an atomic bomb dropped by the United States.
Feb 17, · Postwar Germany and Japan. Sixty years on, the end of the war against Japan is generally regarded by British historians very differently from the way they view the end of the war against Germany. World War II - Hiroshima and Nagasaki: World War II was the most destructive war in history.
Estimates of those killed vary from 35 million to 60 million.