Performance enhancing drugs in sports has become a controversial issue in today's professional sports world, as pros and cons are discussed in the media and among Professional organizations.
Welcome to The Buzz—Center on Addiction's online conversation about addiction and substance use. Should students be drug tested at school?
This includes taking measures to prevent tobacco, alcohol and drug use among students. Historically, schools turned to prevention programs like D. Instead of supporting the implementation of proven prevention practices, some administrators have turned to a more punitive and controversial approach: Why drug testing — and is it legal?
Drug tests are usually in the form of a urinalysis, which detects marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, PCP and opioids. The stated goal of such programs is to identify students with possible substance abuse issues and to intervene early. Today, schools and administers implement these policies with the intended purpose of identifying students who may have a substance use problem and referring them to treatment.
However, in many cases more punitive measures such as dismissal from extracurricular activities or expulsion have occurred. There are currently no federal laws regarding school-based drug testing, however, there are two Supreme Court Cases that grant public schools the authority to conduct drug testing in certain circumstances: Inthe Court ruled that it was legal for schools to randomly test student athletes Inthat ruling was expanded to included students who participate in a competitive extracurricular activity such as a marching band or chess club Once drug testing for student athletes was ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court, then U.
Bush established federal funding for its use and it grew in popularity. Byabout 16 percent, or 2, U. School districts, had adopted some form of a drug testing program. While federal funding for these programs has since ended as has other more effective forms of school-based preventionschool districts across the country continue to expand existing drug testing programs or adopt new ones using their own money.
Just this month, high school districts in California, Kansas and Virginia announced they were either implementing or are considering starting a RSDT for their students. Although the Supreme Court has limited its rulings on the constitutionality of random drug testing to students engaged in athletics and other activities, some schools have expanded their drug testing to other groups of students, for example, students who drive to school, attend school dances or even the entire student body.
It is unclear whether these expanded programs are legal. The Supreme Court originally reasoned that athletes can be drug tested because they are role models and can influence the drug culture of a school, and that drug use and athletics are a dangerous combination. This same logic was extended to extra-curricular activities.
The good and bad As a controversial policy, there are two sides to the debate. Drug testing allows for early detection and intervention Students have a built-in reason to resist peer pressure, a well-known reason why kids experiment with drugs Schools are fulfilling their duty in promoting a safe and drug free environment It increases chances for students to have a successful future Opponents say that: When a positive drug test leads to suspension from these activities, the effects can be detrimental Regardless of the differences in the pros and cons, one question remains.
Does drug testing work? Studies have been mixed and inconclusive. Some studies show that school districts that employ this strategy do not have lower reports of drug use and other studies find that there is a link between drug testing and reduced prevalence of drug use.
Nonetheless, reports that have found a reduced prevalence of drug use have found that students who were drug tested and those who were not reported had equal interest in experimenting with drugs in the future. There have been no systematic studies examining the effectiveness of drug testing as it compares to other prevention strategies.
As opponents of drug testing have pointed out, there are a large number of unintended consequences to drug testing and no study has taken this into account in weighing the harms and benefits of RSDT in schools.
Given the lack of scientific data supporting the effectiveness of drug testing, the American Academy of Pediatrics AAP has taken a strong position that student drug testing is not recommended.
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The results of drug testing only indicate that traces of a drug are present in a person's body, not whether a drug is affecting a person at work. In some cases, a drug used days earlier will still register on the test. Apr 22, · The most powerful argument against drug testing for welfare benefits stems from the constitutional standpoint.
Organizations such as the ACLU have argued that the Fourth Amendment protects citizens from being searched without probable cause (ACLU). Drug testing can also minimize the possibility of theft and workplace violence to occur.
Why wait before having workers tested, right? Secondly, many comprehensive federal laws in the transportation, defense, and health care industry require drug testing under the Drug-Free Workplace Act.
Oct 17, · 5 reasons drug testing welfare recipients is profoundly stupid a lawsuit against a drug testing law in Florida. their measly checks as weed rolling papers, drug testing .
Jun 13, · Drug testing for welfare “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the Author: Rationally Speaking.