Various concerns lead to the demise of the Articles of Confederation and the adoption of the United States Constitution. Discuss these concerns and the compromises that were made to arrive at the Constitution that is still in place today in the United States.
However, this absence of a strong centralized government was the reason the document proved largely ineffective. In relation to military, the main issue was the inability of Congress to raise a federal army.
Economically, Congress was unable to force taxes on the individual states. Politically, government was composed of a Legislative branch only and lacked power in numerous ways. Based on the weaknesses of the document in these areas, it is apparent that the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an ineffective government.
Congress was prohibited to raise a federal army and for this reason the individual states developed their own armies. The fact that the nation lacked a standing army left it extremely vulnerable to attacks by foreign powers, and at the time both Great Britain and Spain posed possible threats to the new nation.
Members of state armies were dissatisfied because Congress lacked the power to fulfill demands for bonuses and back pay Document C. Although the federal government did possess the power to declare war and make treaties, its powers as defined under the ninth article did not extend very far beyond that.
The United States also lacked the physical power to enforce the territorial claims agreed upon under the Treaty of Paris of ; in British troops continued to occupy posts and territories on American soil Document D.
Congress laid claim to lands occupied by Britain and Spain, but was unable to challenge them for control.
Furthermore, the British were developing relations with the Native Americans such as the Iroquois people of the northeastern United States. They were known to provide arms to the natives in order to provoke attacks on the Americans during this period of military weakness.
One issue that proved problematic to America outside of its borders was that of Barbary Corsairs, north African pirates who interrupted trade and seized ships in the Mediterranean region. Since the states now lacked the support of the powerful British navy, they found it difficult to protect themselves from military threats such as these.
Though the military threat of multiple nations existed during this critical period, there were no major conflicts or wars that involved the United States. This proved very fortunate for the country because under the rule of the Articles of Confederation, a major lack of military power was exhibited Economic powers of Congress as defined by the Articles were equally ineffective for a number of reasons.
One power that the federal government did not possess was the ability to tax the states or coin its own money.
Any money collected from the states had to be through voluntary donations; attempts to garner donations were largely unsuccessful, as proven by Philadelphia merchant Robert Morris who was unable to gain a sufficient amount.
The economy suffered further as the British cut off trade with America and simultaneously sent over cheap goods in an attempt to ruin homeland businesses. In the years leading up to the Revolution, the estimated market value of U. After the war, from toexport numbers fluctuated very little despite the population of the country increasing steadily through both periods Document B.
The numerous economic problems experienced within the nation resulted in several instances of citizens revolting.
Inofficers of the American Continental Army in Newburgh, NY who were not receiving proper benefits or pensions marched on Congress in what came to be known as the Newburgh Conspiracy. Clearly the time period was one of protest and problems for American due to the economic problems, many of which can be directly attributed to the laws set out in the Articles of Confederation.
Perhaps the most damaging aspect of the document was the political issues that it caused for the nation. The Articles established a unicameral legislature by which each state had a single vote, which did not sit well with highly populated states such as Virginia and Massachusetts.
A three-branch system of government was not yet in place and therefore the system of checks and balances did not exist. The lack of a judicial and executive branch made it difficult to settle the disputes that existed over state boundaries.
Eight of the thirteen states had claims in the territory to the West, some of which was also being occupied by British and Spaniards Document E. The country lacked a federal court system to ensure proper legal proceedings and a president to serve as a leader to the country. Major laws and decisions required the approval of nine out of the thirteen states, which often proved difficult.
This hindered the process of passing new measures that could prove beneficial to the struggling nation.Articles of Confederation Drafted in by John Dickinson, the Articles of Confederation established a single-chamber national Congress elected by state legislatures, in .
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Printer Friendly "From to the Articles of Confederation provided the United states with an effective government." Using the documents and your knowlegde of the period, evaluate this statement.
The 7 Articles of the US Constitution To understand the United States of America, start with the Constitution. Written over years ago, when the nation was first being established out of the 13 British colonies, this document is a blueprint.
Document Based Essay Grade 7 “The Constitution” Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents (1 -5). This question is designed to test your ability to work with historic documents.
As you analyze the documents, take into accoun t both the sources of the document and the author’s point of view. Historical Context. Dbq articles of confederation. By March 26, Chartered Institute of Marketing.
· An analysis worksheet prompting students to read and analyze historic recipes using twenty questions. Form A DBQ: Champions league group b analysis essay, .