Virtue Ethics Consequentialism Ethical theories that fall under the classification of consequentialism posit that the rightness or wrongness of any action must be viewed in terms of the consequences that the action produces.
His most notable contribution to translation theory is Dynamic Equivalence, also known as Functional Equivalence. Concept Nida gave up the long-term used words throughout history, such as "literal translation", "free translation", and "faithful translation".
Nida suggested the main difference between those two was the purpose of the translation. Formal equivalence Formal equivalence focuses on the need to pay attention to the form and content contained in the message. The so-called formal equivalence means that the message in the target language should be in accordance with the different parts in the original language.
Formal equivalence intends to achieve equivalence between original text and translation text, and to some extent reflect the linguistical features such as vocabulary, grammar, syntax and structure of the original language which has great impact on the accuracy and correctness.
Dynamic Equivalence The most important thing in translating is the message received by the audience.
Messages that are significant in both form and content need not only to be understood but also to be appreciated. And only when the translator could state the original features, he can achieve "dynamic equivalence", which stressed the importance of transferring meaning, not grammatical form.
In a word, "quality of a translation in which the message of the original text has been so transported into the receptor language that the response of the receptor is essentially like that of the original receptors. Dynamic Equivalence translation means to choose the translation which is closest to the original language on a natural basis.
The so-called closest mainly in regards of the sense, and the translator focus more on the meaning and spirit of the original text, rather than rigidly adhere to the structure and form.
In accordance with the definition of Nida, the dynamic translation is not equal to the traditional "free translation" or "live translation of" because of the stringent requirements. It requires translation text to reflect the original text as perfect as possible in a different language structure, while there is no such requirement in free translation.
Words translated by CCJK.Diffusion research examines how ideas are spread among groups of people. Diffusion goes beyond the two-step flow theory, centering on the conditions that increase or decrease the likelihood that an innovation, a new idea, product or practice, will be adopted by members of a given culture.
In multi. Motivation is the reason for people's actions, willingness and timberdesignmag.comtion is derived from the word motive which is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. These needs could also be wants or desires that are acquired through influence of culture, society, lifestyle, etc.
or generally innate. Motivation is one's direction to behavior, or what causes a person to want to repeat a. But what is charismatic leadership about? In this guide, we’ll explore the theories that gave birth to this leadership style from Weber to House.
We’ll also look at the core elements of charismatic leadership theory and analyze the characteristics leaders need to possess in order to be considered charismatic. Finally, we’ll explore the advantages and disadvantages of the style before. Oct 18, · It’s important to realize that just because someone holds a position of leadership, doesn’t necessarily mean they should.
. Western Theories of Justice. Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. The word comes from the Latin jus, meaning right or law.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines the “just” person as one who typically “does what is morally right” and is disposed to “giving everyone his or her due,” offering the word “fair” as a synonym. Here are some "must read" articles. What is a Leader? What is a Manager?
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