Describe the different methods a business may use to account for its environmental costs. Environmental management accounting Environmental management accounting uses some standard accountancy techniques to identify, analyse, manage and hopefully reduce environmental costs in a way that provides mutual benefit to the company and the environment, although sometimes it is only possible to provide benefit to one of these parties. Inthe UNDSD identified four management accounting techniques for the identification and allocation of environmental costs: Materials are measured in physical unit and include energy and water.
Purpose[ edit ] Socionics provides a means of predicting the character of relations and degree of business compatibility, information sharing and psychological compatibility of people before their joining in one collective group, i. Mayrhofer, socionics is considered one of the four most popular models of personality including cybernetic theory Maruyama, five-factor model, Big Five" and typology Myers—Briggs Type Indicatordeserving special attention because of its importance in the study of personality.
Maw socionics is a science developed by Ausra Augustinaviciute in the s. It was found that the nature and development of interpersonal relationships both professional and personal are far from random.
Hochnadel, "socionics is not so much Environment management accounting paper f5 theory of personalities per se, but much more a theory of type relations providing an analysis of the relationships that arise as a consequence of the interaction of people with different personalities.
Monastyrsky treats socionics as pre-science. At the same time, L. Monastyrsky himself proposes to pay attention to "the concept of socionic type". Pletuhina defines socionics as the study about the information interaction of the human psyche with the outside world, between people.
She also defines it as the doctrine of psychological types of people and the relationships between them, as well as notes that the particular quality of socionics is that it considers the innate qualities of the human psyche, including the personality type, which cannot be arbitrarily changed without prejudice to the mental and physical health.
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Unlike MBTI, which is widely criticized  for the lack of validity and utility,  the socionics model, which is in some use in Eastern and Western Europe, as well as throughout Eurasia, Central Asia, and the Baltic nations,  strives to stay very close to the original descriptions and type labels suggested by Carl Jung.
This field of inquiry has been called socionics.
Shmelev in his review of the book "MBTI: Myers notes the highest popularity of socionic books in Russian and remarks that their authors are appealing to the literary and artistic associations of the mass reader, in contradistinction to books on MBTI, which contain the empirical and statistical data on the types distribution in professional groups.
Bogomaz considers the socionic typology as a version of post-Jung typology and believes that on a number of criteria it is more perspective than MBTI for the study of the differences between people, because it expands the volume of the typological features and offers an opportunity to form various typological groups with different motivations, attitudes, temperament, perception of information and thinking styles.
It is also important the existence of preconditions to study intertype relations, that are substantially not developed within MBTI. Bogomaz thinks that the creation of the theory of intertype relationships is undoubtedly contribution of A. Augustinavichiute to the development of Jung typologies.
According to the catalog DisserCat  from to in Russia, Ukraine and other countries were defended more than doctoral theses,   using methods and analytic tools of socionics in management, education, psychology, anthropology, medicine, philosophy, philologysports, and law.
The International Institute of Socionics   IIS was established in in KievUkraineand for years has held the most prominent annual international socionics conference. The institute pursues the continued development of socionics theory, renders commercial consulting services, and since has released a bimonthly journal Socionics, Mentology, and Personality Psychology six issues a year.
Topics in the journal usually range anywhere from studies and applications of the primary principles of socionics to speculative extensions of the theory.
In the institute established an International Academic Board to issue bachelors, masters, and PhD degrees in socionics. The local trainings are conducted for persons of sociotypes having their strengths in respective functions Fi or Ni, respectively.
In official School of System Socionics web site was founded by I. Since then it has become creative laboratory of practical socionics and platform for training socionists—experts in TIM identification.
The School has developed Methodology of remote TIM Identification, introduced a school-standard identification protocol and computer-aided type identification techniques.
Karpenko note that socionics is taught in more than universities    in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstanand other CIS countries, as well as in Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Romania, either as a separate course, or, in view of the applicability of the various methods of socionics Humanitiesas part of educational courses on SociologyPedagogySocial PsychologyManagement and Psychology of Management, human resource managementConflictologysocial services and TourismComputer Science and ProgrammingPhilosophyNeurologyJournalismLibrary ScienceSocial WorkDidactics and others, including Engineering disciplines.8 Home study chapter – The role of accounting Introduction to Paper F1 Accountant in Business F5 Review and appraisal of individual performance Chapter INTRODUCTION (vi) Classroom tuition and Home study Your studies for BPP consist of two elements, classroom tuition and home study.
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Environmental management accounting In , the UNDSD identified four management accounting techniques for the identification and allocation of environmental costs: input/ outflow analysis, flow cost accounting, activity based costing and lifecycle costing.
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