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Criminology term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on Criminology posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.
The free Criminology research paper Game Theory essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. In this situation, the police have caught two people and charged them with a crime.
The police separate the prisoners into different rooms and give them the option of confessing. The police tell the two prisoners that they have enough evidence of the crime to send them to jail for X amount of years.
However, if both of the prisoners confess and testify against the other, then the police have enough evidence to convict both prisoners for a slightly heavier sentence than X.
Since neither of these Game theory research paper knows what the other one is saying, we can use a decision tree to determine the dominant strategy for these people. Although the strategy for these games seems very predictable, there is a paradox that arises.
The police are also a player in this game. The police have evidence to put these criminals away for only X years but if the prisoners confess, then they have enough evidence to put them away for slightly more than X years. In this situation, the police want to do all they can in their power to make these criminals confess to the crime.
The actions by the authorities have to be included in the outcome of the game. The way the authorities can change the outcome of the game is to penalize the prisoners if they do not do what the authorities want.
Therefore the only two actions that the authority can perform are to penalize or not penalize the prisoners.
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However, the dominant strategy of the authority and the impact of their actions are determined by two more stipulations. The actions of the authority and the prisoners is affected by the benevolence of the police and the flexibility of the police. If the police are benevolent, they will benefit from the gains of the prisoners, so they will do everything in the best interest of the two prisoners.
If the police are flexible, they will make their decision on whether or not to penalize after the prisoners make their pleas. In this type of situation, the dominant strategy for the prisoners would be for both of them to confess and for the authority not to penalize the prisoners.
The prisoners will still both have the dominant strategy of confessing because the likelihood of a smaller sentence is greatest. The dominant strategy of the police would be to not penalize because they are benevolent and they benefit from the gains of the prisoners.
They also will not penalize because they are flexible and make their decision after the prisoners make theirs. This circumstance of including the police in the game seems easily predictable and gives us the impression that the authority does not affect the game significantly.
However, if we change the nature of the police, the game is altered greatly. If the police have a non-benevolent attitude, then they are no longer concerned about the status of the prisoners, rather they are concerned about the well-being of the public.
In this case, the police may impose a penalty on the prisoners even if they do confess because they will be able to put the prisoners away for a longer time and keep them off the streets, thus preventing more crime.
On the other extreme of benevolence is sadism.
If the police were a sadistic force, then they would enforce a penalty on the prisoners no matter what the prisoners did. The course of the game would also be greatly altered if the police were not flexible. Not being flexible would allow the police to make a decision on penalizing prisoners before the prisoners make their plea.
Since justice is blind, the police would have to commit to a certain action such as penalizing all prisoners who do not confess and not penalizing all those who do confess.
This is very advantageous for the police because, for all rational situations, it puts a limit on the actions of the prisoners. Making a commitment also puts the police in a bad situation.
If the prisoners are irrational and do not confess, then everyone loses. This brings up two very interesting economic principles.Conflict theory research paper the length of introduction of a research paper? dreifaktorielle varianzanalyse beispiel essay documented essay thesis statement.
Thou blind man s mark essay teacher bp video essay admission paleocurrent analysis essay Describe soccer game essay. Abstract This paper begins with a summary of the rational choice approach and its implications for the study of criminal behavior. I then review research on offending that uses the rational choice approach in conjunction with more sociological orientations.
I also summarize research on game theory and demonstrate how it can be effectively used . International Journal of Game Theory is devoted to game theory and its applications.
It publishes original research making significant contributions from a . present purposes may be found in the text book,Game Theory by Guillermo Owen, 2nd edition, Academic Press, , and the expository book, Game Theory and Strategy by Philip D. Straﬃn, published by the Mathematical Association of America, When we first hear the term 'game theory' in economics lecture, we may initially thought that it is originated in economics or perhaps some other social sciences.
On the contrary, it is a branch of applied mathematics where it tries to make rationalize behavior in strategic situations, where the choice of others determines an individual's success in making choices.
His research draws on the diverse methods from control theory, optimization theory, and game theory to aid in the analysis and design of complex dynamical systems. Umit Catalyurek ECE/Biomedical Informatics faculty member Umit Catalurek was recently completed a collaborative paper called, "Ab Initio No Core Shell Model — Recent Results and.