When Food Changed History: The French Revolution Feedloader Clickability smithsonian.
HistoryMakers We may despise them or admire them, but these fascinating pivotal people are part of the story in history. Marie Antoinette led off a parade of prominent and not-so-prominent citizens to their deaths. The guillotinethe new instrument of egalitarian justice, was put to work.
Public executions were considered educational. Women were encouraged to sit and knit during trials and executions. The Revolutionary Tribunal, with Robespierre at its head, ordered the execution of 2, people in Paris by July Across France 30, people lost their lives.
The Terror was the most radical phase of the French Revolution and was masterminded by Robespierre. It was designed to fight the enemies of the revolution, to prevent counter-revolution from gaining ground.
Most of the people rounded up were not aristocrats, but ordinary people. If an informer happened to overhear, that was all the tribunal needed.
Watch Committees around the nation were encouraged to arrest "suspected persons, Civil liberties were suspended. The Convention ordered that "if material or moral proof exists, independently of the evidence of witnesses, the latter will not be heard, unless this formality should appear necessary, either to discover accomplices or for other important reasons concerning the public interest.
Terror was the order of the day. In the words of Maximilien Robespierre, "Softness to traitors will destroy us all. He explained how terror would lead to the Republic of Virtue in a speech to the National Convention: If the spring of popular government in time of peace is virtue, the springs of popular government in revolution are at once virtue and terror: Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible It has been said that terror is the principle of despotic government.
Does your government therefore resemble despotism? Yes, as the sword that gleams in the hands of the heroes of liberty resembles that with which the henchmen of tyranny are armed. Maximilien Robespierre Speech on the Justification of the Use of Terror The old maxim "the end justifies the means" describes Robespierre's policy well.
Even the radical Jacobins, the supporters of Robespierre, come to feel that the Terror must be stopped. Danton rose in the Convention calling for an end to the Terror. He was its next victim. Fearful of Danton's reputation for eloquence, the Convention passed a decree stating that any accused person who insulted the court should be prohibited from speaking in his own defense.
Danton was not allowed to speak in his own defense. Nevertheless after the trial Danton asserted that "the people will tear my enemies to pieces within 3 months. When Robespierre called for a new purge inhe seemed to threaten the other members of the Committee of Public Safety.
The Jacobins had had enough.
Cambon rose in the Convention and said "It is time to tell the whole truth. One man alone is paralyzing the will of the Convention. And that man is Robespierre. Robespierre was arrested and sent to the guillotine the next day, the last victim of the Reign of Terror.
Part of Liberte, Egalite and Fraternite: The French Revolutiona HistoryWiz exhibit copyright HistoryWiz Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web.Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Sep 20, · The French Revolution was a turning point in French and even to world history. It was the first time a population revolted against the Monarchy and established a Republic. This event was definitely a good thing for France and its timberdesignmag.com: Resolved.
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As we have said, in European history the term 'Scientific Revolution' refers to the period between Copernicus and Newton.
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