The stroop word color test essay

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

The stroop word color test essay

Brown Green Blue Green Stimulus 3: Names of colors appeared in black ink: Names of colors in a different ink than the color named; and Squares of a given color. The task required the participants to read the written color names of the words independently of the color of the ink for example, they would have to read "purple" no matter what the color of the font.

In experiment 2, stimulus conflict-words and color patches were used, and participants were required to say the ink-color of the letters independently of the written word with the second kind of stimulus and also name the color of the patches.

If the word "purple" was written in red font, they would have to say "red", rather than "purple". When the squares were shown, the participant spoke the name of the color.

Stroop, in the third experiment, tested his participants at different stages of practice at the tasks and stimuli used in the first and second experiments, examining learning effects.

Stroop noted that participants took significantly longer to complete the color reading in the second task than they had taken to name the colors of the squares in Experiment 2. This delay had not appeared in the first experiment. Such interference were explained by the automation of reading, where the mind automatically determines the semantic meaning of the word it reads the word "red" and thinks of the color "red"and then must intentionally check itself and identify instead the color of the word the ink is a color other than reda process that is not automated.

Neutral stimuli are those stimuli in which only the text similarly to stimuli 1 of Stroop's experimentor color similarly to stimuli 3 of Stroop's experiment are displayed.

Read a teacher's detailed analysis

Incongruent stimuli are those in which ink color and word differ. It is called semantic interference since it is usually accepted that the relationship in meaning between ink color and word is at the root of the interference. The third finding is that both semantic interference and facilitation disappear when the task consists of reading the word instead of naming the ink.

It has been sometimes called Stroop asynchrony, and has been explained by a reduced automatization when naming colors compared to reading words.

Stroop Effect - New York Essays

The first experiment in Stroop's study reading words in black versus incongruent colors has been discussed less. In both cases, the interference score is expressed as the difference between the times needed to read each of the two types of cards.

Next, the mid-dorsolateral prefrontal cortex selects the representation that will fulfil the goal. The relevant information must be separated from irrelevant information in the task; thus, the focus is placed on the ink color and not the word.

Conversely, the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex aims to reduce the attentional conflict and is activated after the conflict is over. Activity in this region increases when the probability of an error is higher. This is based on the underlying notion that both relevant and irrelevant information are processed in parallel, but "race" to enter the single central processor during response selection.

Processing speed[ edit ] This theory suggests there is a lag in the brain's ability to recognize the color of the word since the brain reads words faster than it recognizes colors. In a condition where there is a conflict regarding words and colors e.

Related Psychology documents

Conversely, if the task is to report the word, because color information lags after word information, a decision can be made ahead of the conflicting information. The brain needs to use more attention to recognize a color than to encode a word, so it takes a little longer.

This may be a result of either an allocation of attention to the responses or to a greater inhibition of distractors that are not appropriate responses. Automaticity[ edit ] This theory is the most common theory of the Stroop effect.

Climate, Not Spaniards, Brought Diseases That Killed Aztecs - The Crux

This idea is based on the premise that automatic reading does not need controlled attention, but still uses enough attentional resources to reduce the amount of attention accessible for color information processing.Little Drummer Boy, Harry Chorale Simeone, Harry Simeone The Effective Reader, D.

J Henry Competition and Development - The Power of Competitive Markets, Susan Joekes, Phil Evans Algebra 1 Study Guide and Intervention Workbook, McGraw-Hill . The stimuli used in the typical Stroop color-word task can be classified to reflect the relation between the color in which the word is printed and the color denoted by the word.

Vol. 17 – Why Johnny and Jenny Can’t Write: Disorders of Written Expression and Children With Bipolar Disorder. Essay Writing Guide.

Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers. Learn more. Apr 04,  · Most linguists today agree that having a word for something alters our perception of it in some way.

This is a version of the “Sapir-Whorf hypothesis,” named for . Conclusion. Because humanists ignore the unconscious mind, heavy criticism has come from psychoanalysts' especially as they observe the theory that the unconscious mind is the most important part of psychology.

The stroop word color test essay
Consciousness - Wikipedia